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Dotson Lewis' Blog

NBA Instant Replay


Dotson’s Note: Since the NBA play-offs began, I have had many Emails, phone calls and conversations questioning me about the National Basketball Association’s instant replay rules. The following is a condensed version of the instant replay rules. If you would like to have a complete copy, please let me know and I will Email you a copy.

NBA Instant Replay (automatic) “Triggers”:

Review of Last Second Field Goals: Since the 2002-03 season, referees have reviewed all made shots that clear the net with no time remaining on the clock (0:00). This is an automatic trigger and referees are required to conduct the review regardless of score.  During the review, referees use video to confirm, if they can, whether the game clock expired before the ball left the shooter's hand.

Review of Last Second Fouls: Since the 2002-03 season, referees have reviewed all called fouls that occur with no time remaining on the clock (0:00). This is an automatic trigger and referees are required to conduct the review regardless of score.  During the review, referees use video to confirm, if they can, whether the game clock expired before the foul occurred. If the foul is committed on or by a player in the act of shooting, referees will also determine whether the shooter released the ball prior to the expiration of time on the game clock if the foul occurred after the expiration of time.

Review of Flagrant Fouls: Since the 2012-13 season, referees have reviewed all Flagrant Foul calls any time a flagrant foul call is made. (Prior to this, since 2007-08, referees would call either a Flagrant Foul 1 or 2 on the floor and review only Flagrant 2 calls.) This is an automatic trigger and referees are required to conduct the review regardless of score and time remaining. The definition for a flagrant foul is:

  • Flagrant Foul Penalty 1: Unnecessary contact committed by a player against an opponent
  • Flagrant Foul Penalty 2: Unnecessary and excessive contact committed by a player against an opponent

The officials can also review whether any other players committed unsportsmanlike acts or unnecessary contact immediately prior to and/or immediately following the calling of the Flagrant Foul.

Review of Player Altercations: Since the 2007-08 season, referees have reviewed all Player Altercations, which for replay purposes means any situation where:

  • Two or more players are engaged in a fight or a hostile physical interaction that is not part of normal basketball play and that does not immediately resolve by itself or with the intervention of game officials or players, or
  • A player is ejected from the game for committing a hostile act against another player, for example, when a player intentionally or recklessly harms or attempts to harm another player with a punch, elbow, kick or blow to the head.

Review of Clock Malfunctions: Since the 2008-09 season, referees have reviewed all plays in which they have reasonable certainty the game clock malfunctioned and it continued to run to 0:00 or should have run to 0:00. If referees are reasonably certain there was a clock malfunction in this situation, they use video in an attempt to determine the amount of time (if any) that should be on the game clock. If there was a successful field goal on the play, they will also try to determine if the shot left the shooter's hand before the expiration of actual time.

Review of Two-Point/Three-Point Field Goal Attempts or Fouls: Since the 2008-09 season, referees have reviewed all situations in which officials are not reasonably certain whether a successful field goal was scored correctly as a 2-point or 3-point field goal or, in the case of a called shooting foul, whether the player was attempting a 2-point or 3-point field goal.

 

NBA INSTANT REPLAY Optional situations:

Review of Out-of-Bounds Plays: Since the 2009-10 season, referees have reviewed any out-of-bounds play that occurs in the last two minutes of the fourth quarter and during overtime when they are not reasonably certain as to which player caused the ball to go out-of-bounds.

Review of Shot-Clock Violations: Since the 2009-10 season, referees have reviewed plays in which they were not reasonably certain whether or not a 24-second violation occurred on a made basket or prior to a foul being called. When referees are not reasonably certain if a 24-second violation occurred before a made basket or a foul, they use replay to determine whether the 24-second clock expired.

Review of Clear-Path-To-The Basket-Fouls: Since the 2010-11 season, officials can use replay if they are not reasonably certain that a called clear-path-to-the-basket foul (clear-path foul) actually met all of the criteria of the rule.

Review of Correct Free Throw Shooter: Since the 2010-11 season, referees have used replay when they are not reasonably certain which player should attempt free throws on a called foul.

Review of 24-Second Shot Clock Reset: Since the 2010-11 season, officials have reviewed situations where they were not reasonably certain whether the ball actually touched the rim and are therefore unsure if the shot clock was (or was not) reset properly. This type of replay is only conducted in the last two minutes of the 4th period and during all of overtime.

Restricted Area Block/Charge Review: Since the 2012-13 season, referees have reviewed all block/charge calls when they are not reasonably certain as to whether the defender was inside or outside of the restricted area. Restricted area replays are conducted only during the last two minutes of the fourth period and during all of overtime

Goal Tending/Basket Interference Review: Since the 2012-13 season, referees have reviewed situations in which they are not reasonably certain whether a goaltending or basket interference violation was called correctly during the last two minutes of the fourth period and during all of overtime. Possible goaltending violations that were not called are not reviewable.

Off-Ball Foul Timing Review: Since the 2013-14 season, referees have used video to review situations in which they are not reasonably certain whether a player without the ball was fouled prior to (a) his teammate beginning his shooting motion on a successful basket or (b) his teammate releasing the ball on a throw-in.

Dotson’s Note: Your comments regarding this and/or any other Moon Sports article will be greatly appreciated. Please call the Benchwarmers between 3 and 6 PM weekdays at 361-560-5397 or call or Email Dotson.  Phone: 361-949-7681  Cell: 530-748-8475 Email: dlewis1@stx.rr.com

 

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